Making Use of Shape Poem Technique in Project-based Learning for Teaching Writing


  • Ni Putu Tia Mahayoni Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha
  • Ni Nyoman Padmadewi Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha
  • Luh Putu Artini Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha


Project-based Learning, Shape Poem, Teaching Writing


In English learning, students often struggle to understand the material, especially in mastering writing skills, one of the most difficult skills to be mastered. A well-chosen teaching technique and method will significantly impact students’ learning outcomes. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of the application of the shape poem technique combined with the project-based learning on students’ writing skills. This study employs a quantitative research approach using a pre-experimental design, one group pre-test post-test. This study involved 38 students of at SMPN 1 Singaraja as a sample. To conduct the study, tests were given before and after the treatment. The findings demonstrated that implementation of the shape poem technique led to substantial enhancements in students' writing skills, as evident from the pre-test and post-test scores. The test result shown that students’ gain better outcomes in post-test which after the treatment was given. It is also supported by the t-test result that shown the significant level was below the alpha level (α = 0.05), indicated the alternative hypothesis was accepted, that there is a significant effect on 7th grade students’ writing skills. The combination of shape poem technique and project-based learning might provide a fresh viewpoint for teachers in teaching writing.


Download data is not yet available.


Agustiana, V. (2017). Four square writing method applied in product and process based approaches combination to teaching writing discussion text. English Review: Journal of English Education, 6(1), 89.

Akinoglu, O. (2008). Assessment of the inquiry-based project implementation process in science education upon students’ points of views. International Journal of Instruction, 1(1), 1–12.

Al-Husseini, S. A. A. H. (2018). Graphematic emblems in selected poems by John Hollander. Alustath Journal for Human and Social Sciences, 226(1), 49–60.

Ariyanti. (2016). The teaching of EFL writing in Indonesia. Dinamika Ilmu, 16(2), 263–277.

Bakar, N. I.A, Noordin, N., & Razali, A. B. (2019). Improving oral communicative competence in English using project-based learning activities. English Language Teaching, 12(4), 73.

Baş, G. (2011). Investigating the effects of project-based learning on students’ academic achievement and attitudes towards English lesson. The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education, 1(4), 1–15.

Beloufa, C. (2021). Introducing the visual art through concrete poetry in the EFL classroom: A case study. International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, 3(4), 143–153.

Brown, H. . (2007). Principles of language learning and teaching. Pearson Education.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, D. J. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). In Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage.

Culham, R. (2005). 6 + 1 Traits of writing. NY : Scholastic Inc.

DİŞLEN, G. (2013). The reasons of lack of motivation from the students’ and teachers’ voices. The Journal of Academic Social Sciences, 1(1), 35–35.

Duffy, T., & Cunningham, D. (1996). Constructivism: Implications for the design and delivery of instruction. In D. H. Jonassen (Ed.), Handbook of Research for Educational Communications and Technology. NY: Macmillan Library Reference USA.

Eliana, E. D. S., Senam, Wilujeng, I., & Jumadi. (2016). The effectiveness of project-based e-learning to improve ICT literacy. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 5(1), 51–55.

Grant, M. M., & Maribe Branch, R. (2005). Project-based learning in a middle school: Tracing abilities through the artifacts of learning. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 38(1), 65–98.

Guo, P., Saab, N., Post, L. S., & Admiraal, W. (2020). A review of project-based learning in higher education: Student outcomes and measures. International Journal of Educational Research, 102, 1–13.

Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of English language teaching fourth edition. Britain. Pearson Longman. Curriculum Inquiry.

Johnson, C., Hill, L., Lock, J., Altowairiki, N., Ostrowski, C., dos Santos, L. da R., & Liu, Y. (2017). Using design-based research to develop meaningful online discussions in undergraduate field experience courses. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 18(6), 36–53.

Kurniawati, F. N., Susanto, S., & Munir, A. (2019). Promoting students’ communication skill through the application of project based learning. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(1), 26–44.

Mertzani, M. (2020). Concrete poetry for the sign language classroom. Calidoscopio, 18(1), 123–141.

Palupi, M. N. (2006). Shape Poem: An Appealing Merger of Word and Form.

Persadha, D. A. K. (2016). Studi kompetensi kemampuan menulis di kalangan mahasiswa. Muaddib : Studi Kependidikan Dan Keislaman, 6(1), 1.

Poonpon, K. (2017). Enhancing English skills through project-based learning. An Online Journal by The Malaysian English Language Teaching Association, XL, 1–10.

Rainsford, D. (2014). Studying literature in English: An introduction. Studying Literature in English: An Introduction, 1–198.

Ravitz, J. (2008). Project based learning as a catalyst in reforming high schools. American Educational Research Association, 1–14.

Reid, R., & Lienemann, T. O. (2013). Strategy instruction for students with learning disabilities. The Guilford Press.

Richards, J. C., & Renandya, W. A. (2002). Methodology in language teaching. Cambridge University Press.

Ritter, S. M., Gu, X., Crijns, M., & Biekens, P. (2020). Fostering students’ creative thinking skills by means of a one-year creativity training program. PLoS ONE, 15(3), 1–18.

Rochmahwati, P. (2015). Project-based learning to raise students’ speaking ability: its’ effect and implementation (A Mix method research in speaking II subject at STAIN Ponorogo). Jurnal Kodifikasia, 9(1), 199–221.

Rohman, M., Baskoro, F., & Endahcahyaningrum, L. (2020). The effectiveness and efficiency of google classroom as an alternative online learning media to overcome physical distancing in lectures due to the covid-19 pandemic: Student perspectives. In Proceeding - 2020 3rd International Conference on Vocational Education and Electrical Engineering: Strengthening the framework of Society 5.0 through Innovations in Education, Electrical, Engineering and Informatics Engineering, ICVEE 2020.

Sadrina, S., Mustapha, R., & Ichsan, M. (2018). The evaluation of project-based learning in Malaysia: propose a new framework for polytechnics system. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 8(2), 143.

Savage, A., & Mayer, P. (2005). Effective academic writing book 2-the short essays. Oxford Press.

Schoone, A. (2021). Can concrete poems fly? Setting data free in a performance of visual enactment. Qualitative Inquiry, 27(1), 129–135.

Sepang, K. M., Santosa, M. H., & Suprianti, G. A. P. (2022). Exploring influence of virtual reality-based english learning activities towards secondary students’ English writing achievement. The Art of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, 1(2), 61–71.

Susanti, A., Rofidah, N., Trisusana, A., & Retnaningdyah, P. (2020). Improving students’ writing skill through project based learning for EFL students. International Journal of English Linguistics, Literature, and Education (IJELLE), 2(2), 102–115.

Thi, N., & Lam, V. (2011). Project-based learning in teaching English as a foreign language. VNU Journal of Science, 27, 140–146.

Thomas, J. W. (2000). A review of research on project-based learning. In Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning.

Tomo, T., Widodo, J. P., & Yappi, S. N. (2022). The effect of a moodle-based LMS in “Article Writing for Journal” Subject for post graduate students. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal), 5448–5456.



How to Cite

Mahayoni, N. P. T., Padmadewi, N. N., & Artini, L. P. (2024). Making Use of Shape Poem Technique in Project-based Learning for Teaching Writing. The Art of Teaching English As a Foreign Language (TATEFL), 5(1), 21-31.